Botanical Name :: Phasleolus mungo
Indian Name :: Urad
Black gram is one of the most highly prized pulses of India. It is an erect, sub erect or trailing, densely hairy annual herb. The tap root produces a branched root system with smooth, rounded nodules. The pods are narrow, cylindrical and up to 6cms. long. It is the most nutritious of all pulses
Origin and Distribution of Black Gram
Black gram originated in India where it has been in cultivation from very ancient times. It is not known in a wild state. It has been introduced in recent times elsewhere in the tropics, mainly by Indian immigrants. It occurs throughout Asia and in Africa and the western India, but nowhere it is so important as in India.
Food Value of Black Gram
Black gram is boiled and eaten whole or after splitting into dhal. It is extensively. used in various culinary preparation like curries and papad. The green pods are eaten as vegetables and they are highly nutritious. The hulls or the outer covering of gram and straw are used as cattle feed.
Minerals and Vitamins
|Moisture – 10.9%||Calcium – 154 mg|
|Protein – 24.0%||Phosphorus – 385 mg|
|Fat – 1.4%||Iron – 9.1mg|
|Fibre – 0.9%||Small amount of Vitamin B Complex|
|Minerals – 3.2%||* Values per 100 gm’s edible portion|
|Carbohydrates – 59.6%||Calorific Value – 341|
Natural Benefits and Curative Properties of Black Gram
Black gram is demulcent or soothing and cooling agents. It is an aphrodisiac and nervine tonic. However, excessive use of black gram causes flatulence which can, however, be prevented by adding little asafoetida, pepper and ginger in the culinary preparations. It should not be taken by those who are easily predisposed to rheumatic diseases and urinary calculi as it contains oxalic acid in high concentration.
Germinated black gram, taken with half a cupful of fresh bitter gourd juice and a teaspoonful of honey is highly beneficial in the treatment of milder type of diabetes. It should be used once daily for three to four months with restriction of carbohydrates. Even in severe cases, regular use of this combination, with other precautions, is useful as a health giving food for the prevention of various complications that may arise due to malnutrition in diabetic patients.
2. Sexual Dysfunction
Black gram soaked in water for about six hours and then fried in pure cow’s ghee after draining the water is an excellent sex tonic. It can be used with wheat bread and honey with highly beneficial results in functional impotency, premature ejaculation and thinness of the semen.
3. Nervous Disorders
4. Hair Disorders
5. Digestive System Disorders
6. Rheumatic Afflictions
A liniment made from black gram is useful as an external application in rheumatism, contracted knee and stiff shoulder. It is prepared by boiling about 4 Kg’s. of black gram pulse in 38.4 litres of water. It should be boiled down to about 9.6 litres and strained. The strained decoction should be boiled with about 2.5 litres of sesame oil and 1/2 kg. of rock salt till the water has been evaporated. Paste of the fresh root is also useful in rheumatic pains.