First Aid For Vomiting and Diarrhea


Severe vomiting and diarrhea can be very serious, particularly in children and the elderly, who are more vulnerable to the accompanying risk of dehydration. The loss of circulating body fluid can lead to life-threatening shock if it is not replaced.


Likely causes of vomiting and diarrhoea include:food poisoning; viral infections such as gastroenteritis, and sensitivity to a new or unusual food. Vomiting alone can also accompany some medical conditions such as concussion and compression and other injuries.

Isotonic drinks

These drinks replace vital fluids and important minerals and sugars in the body. Available to purchase ready made, you can also make your own.

1 tsp salt and
5 tsp sugar
to 1 litre (2 pints) of water or diluted orange Juice

This drink should be taken in short sips as needed.

[ Read: Home remedies for vomiting ]

First Aid Treatment

  1. Check the person’s recent history for clues as to the cause and to rule out underlying injury such as a serious blow to the head.
  2. Help the person into a comfortable position. If he is vomiting, this will usually be sitting up. Help the person to the bathroom as necessary.
  3. Help the person to clean himself up and to change clothes as necessary.
  4. Give bland fluids (except milk) to drink slowly – it is important to keep fluid levels up.
  5. Seek medical advice if the condition persists. If the person shows signs of shock, seek urgent medical attention.

Useful References

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