Other names :: Niacin, nicotinic acid
Vitamin B3 is also know as niacin, acts like other B vitamins to create enzymes that are essential to metabolic cell activity, synthesize hormones, repair genetic material, and maintain normal functioning of the nervous system. Vitamin b3 is necessary for red blood cell formation and blood circulation, lowers cholesterol and is a vasodilator. It assists in the maintenance of skin, nerves, and blood vessels.
Actions and benefits of vitamin B3
- Proper circulation and healthy nervous system.
- Gastrointestinal tract.
- Poor digestion could be improved.
- Benefits for pregnant or breastfeeding women.
- Potential reduction in heart attacks, depression, and migraine headaches.
- Essential for genetic material repair.
Recommended dosage of vitamin B3
- Men – 16 mg
- Women – 14 mg
- Pregnancy – 18 mg
- Lactation – 17 mg
Signs of Overdose:
- High blood sugar.
- Large dosages can also cause itching, elevated blood glucose, peptic ulcers and liver damage.
- Taking more than 500 mg Vitamin B3 daily for several months at a time may cause liver damage .
Deficiency symptoms of Vitamin B3
- Red, swollen, cracked mouth and tongue.
- Canker sores.
- Greasy, scaly skin.
When more may be required
Consuming alcohol and not having enough protein in your diet may increase your need for vitamin b3. People with diabetes, glaucoma, any liver disease or peptic ulcers should be careful of niacin supplementation.
Best food sources of vitamin b3
How to use vitamin B3
Liquid: the best form due to its high bioavailability and fast absorption. Always choose liquid as your first choice when supplementing your diet.
Heat and/or moisture may alter the vitamin. Refrigeration is recommended.