First aid can be described as the initial care given to a casualty before accessing professional medical help. The casualty may be a person who is acutely injured or critically ill. Since these conditions can befall anyone of us or our colleagues not to mention our family members, it is vital that everybody knows the basic principles and rules that govern first aid. The following points will outline the common conditions and the general practices to be observed in case of an emergency.
Make the area safe
In any emergency situation it is critical to ensure that the area is safe as the first aider. This is the first step as it ensures that the risk of increasing the number of casualties is minimized. In most cases you will be required to remove the danger from the casualty or even removing the casualty from the danger. In case it is a collapsing building it is vital to ensure that the building is very safe before attempting to enter. Always remember to remain calm no matter the situation as this will enable you to handle all the situations effectively. Remember that every time the first aider panics, the casualty panics twice or thrice.
Action on emergency
After making a thorough assessment of the area and making it safe it is now time to apply emergency techniques. Remember the principle, first, do no harm as it will guide your actions. In emergency situations one is always tempted to try out everything they have ever heard of, however, this is very wrong as it may expose the casualty to even more danger for example trying to remove an embedded fishing hook may cause more harm than you can ever think of. Only apply life saving skills that you are confident of, if you are doubtful of the treatment do not apply it. Always assure the casualty and call for help. If you are alone, you can leave the casualty to call for help otherwise always remain with the casualty and record all the vital.
In case the casualty is unresponsive it is vital to start CPR as it can be life sustaining. The correct way of applying CPR is by having 100 compressions per minute separated by two rescue breaths. This ensures that the casualties’ vital organs are well oxygenated.
Always be timely
As the first aider, always act immediately you notice the symptoms of a condition as this dictates the level of success you will achieve. For conditions like heart attack and stroke, it is vital to act the very moment you realize the symptoms without writing anything off.
Every time the casualty losses body fluids and blood in large amounts, there is a possibility of a condition known as shock. You can easily treat shock by controlling bleeding and elevating the injured part.
Treat unresponsive casualties first
In case the emergency involves a number of casualties, always assess all of them for the life threatening conditions. It is a rule that you should always start your treatment with the unresponsive casualties first and record their conditions. Always ensure the casualty is breathing by opening the airway, check the pulse rate and record it as well as the pain and voice response.
Do not attempt acting in life threatening situations
For conditions where there is real danger facing the casualty and you are not a professional, it is always advisable to call for help. For example, never try to rescue a drowning person by swing towards them if you do not have adequate swimming skills. For more complicated health conditions always wait for qualified medics.
It is vital to attend a first aid training course so as to get the relevant skills on the emergency conditions and treatments.
Michelle is a passionate blogger and works alongside a provider of first aid traning courses.