Aventyl hcl (Nortriptyline)
GENERIC NAME: Nortriptyline
BRAND NAME: Pamelor, Aventyl
Uses of Aventyl:
The mechanism of mood elevation of tricyclic antidepressants is at present unknown. Aventyl is not an MAO inhibitor. Aventyl inhibits the activity of such diverse agents as histamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine, and acetylcholine. Aventyl increases the pressor effect of norepinephrine but blocks the pressor response of phenethylamine. Studies suggest that Aventy interferes with the transport, release, and storage of catecholamines.
How to Take Aventyl:
Take this medicine as directed. It can be taken with or without food. Do not stop taking this medicine abruptly without consulting with your doctor.
Side Effects of Aventyl hcl:
Some common side effects reported with Aventyl medicine include.
Warnings and precautions for Aventyl
Patients with cardiovascular disease should be given Aventyl only under close supervision because of the tendency of the drug to produce sinus tachycardia and to prolong the conduction time. Myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, and strokes have occurred. The antihypertensive action of guanethidine and similar agents may be blocked. Because of its anticholinergic activity, use Aventyl with great caution in patients with glaucoma or a history of urinary retention
The use of Aventyl (nortriptyline) in schizophrenic patients may result in an exacerbation of the psychosis or may activate latent schizophrenic symptoms. If the drug is given to overactive or agitated patients, increased anxiety and agitation may occur. In manic depressive patients, nortriptyline may cause symptoms of the manic phase to emerge.
Inform the patient that the response to alcohol may be exaggerated. Excessive consumption of alcohol in combination with nortriptyline therapy may have a potentiating effect, which may lead to the danger of increased suicidal attempts or overdosage, especially in patients with histories of emotional disturbances or suicidal ideation
Dosage of Aventyl
Aventyl (Nortriptyline) is not recommended for children. Aventyl (Nortriptyline) is administered orally in the form of capsules. Lower than usual dosages are recommended for elderly patients and adolescents. The use of lower dosages for outpatients is more important than for hospitalized patients who will be treated under close supervision. The physician should initiate dosages at a low level and increase it gradually, checking the clinical response carefully and noting any evidence of intolerance.
How to Store Aventyl:
Keep Aventyl medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of the reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).
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