Breast Cancer

Abnormal development of cells leads to the growth of tumor, when tumor is malignant in nature they are termed as cancer. Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer diagnosed in women today. Around the world breast cancer statistics shows that after lung cancer breast cancer is the second most death-causing factor in people who develops cancer.

The risk factor of developing breast cancer increases with the age, it does not only relate to women, figures show that out of every 100 women there is one male who is diagnosed of breast cancer. Breast cancer does not mean a specific category of disease rather it is the different types of cancer generally found in breast is collectively termed as breast cancer. Though the most common understanding suggests that, abnormal growth of cells in the breast causes breast cancer.

Causes of Breast Cancer

The exact cause of breast cancer is unknown and there are no fixed causes for breast cancer. Myths in identifying the causes of breast cancer are more prevalent than the real cause.

Some of the causes that have been collectively associated with breast cancer are:

  • The chances of breast cancer depends on age, as the person gets older the chances of it are more
  • Family history of close relative like mother, sister and daughter who has been diagnosed with breast cancer increases the risk factor
  • Early start onset of menses and early menopause are also associated with breast cancer
  • Exposure to radioactive rays are carcinogenic and increases the chances of breast cancer
  • Using hormone replacement therapy might also cause it
  • Exposure to harmful chemicals (working in a chemical factory that uses harmful chemicals like Organochlorines)
  • Late childbearing

The Dangers of a Broken Heart

While the medical condition known as stress cardiomyopathy has been known to exist for long, it is only in recent times that it has been coined as the broken heart syndrome’. It was always suspected that stress can worsen or even result in a heart condition over time, however, the effect of stress on a healthy heart were not known. History is witness to the fact that emotional stress has often triggered a heart attack and that too in people who had no track record of any heart ailments.

The New England Journal of Medicine was the first to break the news in the U.S. Cases have been reported where a person faces a troubling or traumatic situation and experiences symptoms of a heart attack soon after. In reported cases, people had just experienced an event like a home robbery, earning disturbing news about a loved one’s health, an accident, and so forth. Johns Hopkins University doctors used different tests to show how the actual effect of the syndrome on the heart differed from a heart attack.

The attacks that took place in these cases were not mere panic attacks or heart palpitations but triggered a heart failure. The state is similar to that of a heart attack causing chest pain, shortness in breath and fluid fills in the lungs. Such attacks have proved to be fatal hence, confirming that stress can indeed claim a life.

However, with proper care people recover right away without long-term harmful effects. Stress cardiomyopathy is not a traditional heart attack but an unusual heart malfunction that temporarily stuns, not destroys, heart cells. The arteries are not blocked and there are no blood clots or other blockages. Sometimes minimal damage occurs in the heart muscle but everything else returns to normal with treatment.

Recent research suggests that women are more vulnerable to sudden emotional stress effects on the heart than men, perhaps due to hormones. One researcher measured adrenaline levels in 19 otherwise healthy people and found they were several times higher than what is seen in traditional heart attacks. Other stress hormones were found at extremely high levels. It is guessed that the high levels of stress hormones hit the heart and overwhelm it by contracting the heart’s small blood vessels.

This evidence sheds new light on people who are under extreme stress or grieving and suggests the complex interplay of the processes of mind and body. We certainly feel bad all over when our hearts are broken, and now we understand why.

How Bird Flu Kills

The bird flu virus is supposed to be really affecting the birds only. However, because of the nature of flu viruses that can be able to mutate and transfer from one species to the other. The bird flu virus that has been killing birds has now been affecting humans as well.

The good news is that bird flu virus has only killed few humans as of the moment. That’s why health officials are working overtime to prevent bird flu from becoming an outbreak. How the virus works on humans is still a complete wonder. There are still more and more studies undertaken to fully understand this virus.

What is known however is that there are 15 types of avian flu virus that affects birds. That’s why birds also have running noses as well, only theirs is a running beak (corny). The current outbreak of bird flu is caused by the H5N1 strain. This strain is very contagious and can cause rapid fatalities. This strain, unlike the others, can be transmitted to humans, which makes it deadlier.

Remember the SARS scare we experienced years back? Compared to Bird Flu, SARS is just an ordinary cold. Their symptoms are similar but the virus that causes them is completely different. SARS is also less contagious because the person infected can just be isolated.

There could be low pathogenic virus or high pathogenic virus that can affect birds. The low pathogenic virus can affect birds in minor ways only. Ruffled feathers and reduced egg production are some. Highly pathogenic virus cause severe diseases such as respiratory diseases. In domestic birds, when the symptoms appear, they die the same day.

Other symptoms of the bird flu on birds are: loss of appetite, nervousness like chicken little, coughing, sneezing, diarrhea, and depression. Yes, birds do get depressed and they might end up being suicidal, drinking your Prozac.

Just as in the birds, the highly pathogenic forms are the ones that greatly affect the humans as well. These highly pathogenic forms are what cause deaths in humans as well.

The incubation period of the bird flu on humans is still not yet known clearly. The ill effects might develop one to five days from exposure to the virus.

Sometimes, the only indication that a person has been infected is an eye infection or conjunctivitis. However, having conjunctivitis, you might only think that it’s ordinary sore eyes.

Then other symptoms that are common to flu are also developed. That’s why it really is hard to know that the person has been affected by the virus. Other symptoms include, cough, fever, and sore throat.

It will then develop to life threatening complications that include viral pneumonia, and respiratory failure and distress.

That’s why health officials and scientist are scrambling for ways to just make ways to prevent outbreaks. Because they would not want a person to have misconceptions that he or she only has ordinary flu, but is the already life-threatening bird flu.

Common Causes of Lung Cancer

There are a various risk factors that are linked to lung cancer. The most common known causes are as follows:

Cigarette Smoking
Cigarette smoking is probably the most closely related link to developing lung cancer. A person who smokes two packs or more of cigarettes per day has a one in seven chance of developing lung cancer. Those that smoke one pack of cigarettes per day have a twenty-five times greater chance of developing lung cancer than a non-smoker. In addition, those people that smoke a pipe or cigar have a five times greater chance of developing lung cancer than a non-smoker.

The risk of developing lung cancer increases with the number of cigarettes smoked over your lifetime. Cigarette smoking damages the cells in your lungs. The moment you stop smoking, your lungs begin healing themselves, replacing damaged cells with healthy, normal cells. Your risk of developing lung cancer begins decreasing almost immediately when you quit smoking. Every year that you do not smoke, your chances of developing lung cancer drop further. By the fifteenth year, your chances of developing lung cancer are about the same as those of a person who has never smoked.

Secondhand Smoke
Also known as passive smoking, people exposed to secondhand smoke on a regular basis will have a higher risk of developing lung cancer, even if they do not smoke themselves. Studies have shown that those who live with a smoker have a 24% greater risk of developing lung cancer than most non-smokers. Doctors estimate that about 3000 lung cancer deaths a year are related to secondhand smoke.

Asbestos Exposure
Exposure to asbestos is another well-known cause of lung cancer and mesothelioma – cancer of the pleural lining of the lungs. Asbestos was widely used in construction and everyday products in the late 1800s through the 1960s. Asbestos separates into fine silica fibers that become trapped in the tissues of the lungs. Mesothelioma is inextricably linked to asbestos exposure. There are no reported cases of mesothelioma in people who were not exposed to asbestos either in the workplace or through their environment. A non-smoker who was exposed to asbestos has a five times greater risk of developing lung cancer than a non-smoker who was not exposed. Smoking increases the risk dramatically – a smoker who was exposed to asbestos has a risk of developing lung cancer that is 50 to 90 times greater than that of a non-smoker.

Radon Gas
It is estimated that about 12% of lung cancer deaths can be attributed to radon gas, a colorless, odorless gas that is a natural byproduct of the decay of uranium. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that as many as 15% of homes in the United States have unsafe levels of radon gas, which will account for 15,000 to 22,000 deaths from lung cancer annually.

Air Pollution
Scientists estimate that as many as 1% of all lung cancer deaths are attributable to air pollution. They believe that prolonged exposure to very polluted air can raise the risks of developing lung cancer to about the levels of a passive smoker.

Home Remedies

Is Fibromyalgia a disease, a collection of symptoms or is it all in your head?

For weeks you have been aching from head to foot. You have no energy, you can’t concentrate and you can’t remember the last time you got a good night’s sleep. You have been to the doctor a few times already and all he can tell you is what you DON’T have. You have read about fibromyalgia and even talked to others that have been diagnosed with the disease. Yet, so far, no one can tell you whether you have it or not?

Sound familiar?

Well welcome to the world of fibromyalgia diagnostics. It is bad enough that there is no cure or significantly effective treatment for this condition, but it is even more frustrating when it takes so long for anyone to tell you that the problems you are having are caused by fibromyalgia.

There is no debate as to the validity of fibromyalgia as a disease. In fact, the World health Organization has recognized the disease for many years. It is the diagnosis that is debatable.

Fibromyalgia is a very confusing and misunderstood condition. It has been known by many different names for well over a century but was not termed “fibromyalgia” until the 1970’s. The term is derived from the actual experience of the condition. “Fibro” – which represents the fibrous tissues affected (i.e. ligaments and tendons); “Myo” – representing the muscular system; and “Algia” – meaning “pain,” which is the dominant manifestation of this disease. Essentially, fibromyalgia means being in pain almost everywhere.

Fibromyalgia must be diagnosed through a process of elimination. In other words, before a complaint can be labeled fibromyalgia, it must first be determined that there is not some other cause. If your appendix is inflamed, you have appendicitis. If you fall and bang your head a CT scan will indicate if you have a concussion. But if you ache all over and suffer from chronic fatigue for months on end, have trouble focusing and struggle with anxiety and depression, it must first be determined what you DON’T have rather than what you DO have. Because if you have fibromyalgia, there is no test that will indicate that you have it.

In other words, diagnosing fibromyalgia is difficult.

This process is very contrary to the health care system as currently structured. The optimal level of testing and analysis to reach a confident diagnosis of fibromyalgia can be cost prohibitive. As a result, the symptoms of fibromyalgia can be conveniently dismissed as psychosomatic. Conversely, fibromyalgia can become the catchall diagnosis when there is resistance to traveling the long road to a conclusive diagnosis. Either way, the patient loses.

Sometimes, a patient receives great relief when they are told what the problem is, even if a solution is unclear. Receiving a confidant diagnosis of fibromyalgia may not provide relief but at least it allows the sufferer to move forward to explore treatment alternatives.

The American College of Rheumatology has made this diagnostic process easier for patient and physician by developing criteria for fibromyalgia that can be used in diagnosing the disorder. According to the criteria established by the ACR, a person is considered to have fibromyalgia if he or she has experienced widespread pain for at least three months in combination with tenderness in at least 11 of 18 specific tender point sites. While this may not be as definitive as a blood test or X-rays for other conditions, at least there is guidance that results in diagnosis with a high degree of confidence.

As for treating fibromyalgia… well that’s another story! (I’ll deal with treatments in a subsequent article. Stay tuned.)

Home remedies

Snoring- Causes and Cures

If you sleep next to someone who snores, you know what it is like. Constantly being awakened in the middle of the night, shoving them over on their side only to waken again when they roll back. The snoring does not seem to bother the sleeper, but can bother their partner so much that there are several attacks a year on snoring sleepers by their sleep mates. Before you decide to hit your snoring partner with large, heavy objects, there are some medical reasons for snoring that you should know about.

Relaxed muscles in the throat caused by alcohol or over the counter sleep medication can cause snoring, large tonsils or adenoids can cause snoring as well. Obstructed nasal passages such as a stuffy nose can cause snoring, so if your snoring sleeper is sensitive during hay fever season, that could be the reason. If the snoring is very loud, raspy, and constant, there are medical doctors and sleep clinics specially designed to help with sleep disturbances, and surgery may be needed.

Snoring followed by the sleeper appearing to stop breathing altogether is called sleep apnea and is a very serious condition. Sleep apnea can cause heart problems, high blood pressure, impotency, weight gain, and headaches. Therefore, you should seek medical advice and attention.

If the snoring is light, you can take some preventative measures. Regular exercise and losing weight can help. In addition, avoid taking medication that makes you sleepy, and try to sleep on your side rather than your back. Propping a pillow behind you can help keep you from rolling over on to your back during the night thus disturbing your sleep mate again.

Home remedies guide

Diabetes in Children is on the Rise

Diabetes is a disease caused by the way the body metabolizes
sugar. The disease can be controlled by medication and
modifications to one’s’sdiet. What is alarming however, are
the increasing number of cases of diabetes among teenagers
and children.

With the surge in obesity and overweight children, it should
come as no surprise that diabetes is also growing in
proportion. Children are less active than they have been in
the past, and this is leading to health problems.

Inactivity leads to Obesity

Being overweight doesn’t help. The extra burden those extra
pounds put on your body weaken its response and ability to
handle stress. And this kind of stress increases manifold,
especially when your body is still growing, and is yet to
achieve full size.

Children are spending less time outdoors and more time
indoors, on their computers. This sedentary lifestyle
coupled with poor eating habits cause children to put on
weight. Their bodies cannot metabolize the excessive amounts
of sugar and fat being pumped into their systems. The result
is Diabetes. This is a simplified version of what happens
although the actual process is more complicated.

Eating the wrong foods

In today’s fast paced world, more and more families rely on
easy to cook, processed foods that have a high fat and sugar
content. In the past, our diets contained wholesome and
nutritious foods like fresh fruits and vegetables.

The body is like a muscle that can adapt to stressors that
is placed upon it, but when there is a constant barrage of
bad foods, the liver and the pancreas just can’t process it
quickly. This leads to a dysfunction in the overall
process, and can then lead to damage to the organ itself.

Children learn from their environment

And while it’s easy to blame the child for the health
problems and poor food choices, there is a lot to be said
for the family that surrounds them. If the children are
predisposed to an environment that doesn’t support healthy
living, then there is a greater tendency for diabetes and
other health problems.

It needs to be a team effort for the entire family to commit
to in order to avoid diabetes and other problems associated
with poor health habits.

Healthy CAN be exciting! Working out is great when everyone
in the family does it together. And if you get every single
person at home working on finding new ways to prepare
nutritious, healthy and mouth-watering meals, you will be
surprised at how enthused they get, they’lwill want to
contribute to their health!

Information on Diabetes

Depression: Also Man Can Be Affected By Depression

Family life can be destroyed by a serious depression as well as the life of the ill person. Most people with a depressive disease do not look for treatment when they suffer depression, because they do not want to be treated or even because they are not aware of their disease. The most important thing is that depression — even the extremely severe — may be treated.

Experts in mental health note that many people tend to get depressed over holiday season and many of them may present suicidal behavior. Hence, it is quite important to be watchful of depressed family members, especially if they also begin heavy alcohol consumption.

According to experts it is always helpful to encourage the depressed person to be with other people, such as friends and neighbours. It is also useful to reach out to others and do not let the person feels alone.

But it is quite difficult to do this when the depressed person is a man. It is difficult for them to admit they are depressed and still less they need help from someone else. Therefore, it is important to know this, since statistics show that depression puts men at risk for suicide.

The problem is quite clearly illustrated by numbers. Half as many men as women seek psychotherapy. Half as many men as women are diagnosed with depression. However, men commit suicide up to eight times more often than women.

That is why the book “Men and Depression: Clinical and Empirical Perspectives” helps doctors to identify and treat mood disorders in their male patients, addressing an issue that has been neglected by researchers and therapists.

To Treat Depression take Cymbalta antidepressant

Insomnia – Worrying About It Will Not Help You Sleep

Most people require 8 hours of sleep a night in order to
funtion optimally during the day. Of course there are
some people who can thrive on far less, but these people
are few and far between. For the rest of us, 8 hours is
essential–and insomnia, therefore, can wreak havoc on
our waking lives.

Insomnia is generally the inability to drift off to sleep
at the end of a day. People with insomnia may lie awake
bed, their heads swirling with thoughts. Sleep can seem
like a far-off promise that is never realized. Insomnia
can also come in the form of early waking–you may wake
up early in the morning and then be unable to go back to
bed. Both types of insomnia prevent you from getting the
rest you so desperately need.

It’s no surprise that insomnia has significant effects,
ranging from tiredness (of course) to being easily
irritated to lack of physical coordination and the
inability to preform during the day.

The incidence of insomnia seems to increase in elder
folks, especially those over the age of 60. This may be a
side effect of retirement and the change in daily habits,
such as going to bed earlier and waking up earlier in the
morning. People with chronic medical problems have a
tendency to sleep poorly. So do people who have battled
depression or who have anxious or nervous personalities.

Some external factors such as changes in circumstances can
bring on insomnia – pretty much anything anxiety producing
can induce insomnia. Other causes include: noise; hot
weather (when hardly anyone gets a good sleep at night);
any change in your environment (for example when you have
moved house or are on holiday most people will at least
experience strange dreams from being in an unfamiliar
place); medication; and jet lag of course is a common
cause. Luckily most of these things only cause short bouts
of insomnia and most people return to normal in a
relatively short amount of time.

If you suffer from insomnia , make sure you are not
drinking caffeine or alcohol or smoking before bedtime.
Also avoid taking long naps during the day. All these
things can and will affect your ability to sleep well
at night. Also, don’t obsess over your insomnia, which
will only make it worse.

Finally, there are certain steps you can take to increase
your ability to go off to dreamland. Relaxing exercises
can help–meditation is particularly effective. Try taking
a warm bath, and perhaps filling your bathroom with
soothing aromatic candles. Lavender oil is quite calming.
Yoga and deep breathing help to quiet the mind. Warm milk
may also help. If all else fails and you do wind up laying
in bed unable to sleep, simply get up. Do something–
watch TV, read a book, etc. You’ll be much likelier to get
tired doing these things than by staying in bed.

What is Diabetes?

What is diabetes? It’s a fairly common disease, afflicting
over eighteen million people in the United States alone.
Almost a third of these people don’t even know that they
have the disease. diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin or the inability of the body to use insulin
properly. And what is insulin? It’s the substance we need
to convert food into energy. The consequences can be dire,
so if you suspect that you are at risk, consult your
doctor. Here are some key facts to know:

Diabetes is categorized in two ways, as Type 1 and
Type 2. The types have some similarities, but they
are different in terms of cause and treatment.

So how do we recognise Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is genetic in nature and results from a
failure of the pancreas to create insulin. It often affects
children or young adults. In these people, the immune
system actually works against the body, killing
off beta cells that produce insulin. This causes glucose
to stay in the blood rather than getting turned into the
essential fuel our body needs. Treatment is required in
order to prevent diabetic coma, which is when the levels
of glucose in the blood get dangerously high. Treatment
generally consists of regular insulin injections.

By contrast, Type 2 diabetes usually develops later in
life and is often related to lifestyle. This type is
the more common of the two. While doctors can’t say
exactly what causes it, some ethnicities seem to be at
a greater risk, as are people who are overweight or who
do not exercise regularly. Age is also a factor, with
this type of diabetes being more common in older folks.
In Type 2 diabetes, the body is failing to take up the
insulin generated by the pancreas. You can try to stave
off your risk for developing Type 2 diabetes by eating a
healthy diet high in fiber, fruits, veggies and whole
grains, and exercising on a regular basis.

Exercise is key because it lowers the level of glucose in
the blood and increases the body’s ability to take up
naturally produced glucose. Exercise is also good for
keeping stress levels low and helping with cholesterol and
circulation problems. It is such a good treatment, in
fact, that sometimes diet and exercise can negate the
necessity of medication in Type 2 diabetes patients.

Diets rich is complex carbohydrates such as fruits,
vegetables and whole grains are believed in help in the
prevention of diabetes. For people with diabetes however,
it is important to be aware of the effect of all foods on
the disease, as some carbohydrates are broken down
differently and effect glucose levels in different ways. If
in doubt diabetics can refer to the glycemic index (usually
called GI index) which provides information on all foods
and their likely effect.

Finally, consume fiber, which has been shown to keep down
glucose levels and is healthy for just about everyone.
Opt for healthy oils and fats like olive oil rather than
saturated fats, such as animal fat. Eating healthy will
help to prevent cardiovascular disease, for which
diabetes patients are at increased risk.