Burns Treatment - First Aid To Treat A Burns
Burns are one of the most common household injuries. A major burn is a horrifying injury, necessitating painful treatment and a long period of rehabilitation. It's often fatal or permanently disfiguring and incapacitating (both emotionally and physically). In the United States, about 2 million persons annually suffer burns. Of these, 300,000 are burned seriously and over 6,000 are fatalities, making burns this nation's third-leading cause of accidental death.
Causes of burns
Thermal burns, the most common type, are frequently the result of residential fires, motor vehicle accidents, playing with matches, improperly stored gasoline, space heater or electrical malfunctions, or arson. Other causes include improper handling of fire crackers, scalding accidents, and kitchen accidents (such as a child climbing on top of a stove or grabbing a hot iron). Burns in children are sometimes traced to parental abuse.
Chemical burns result from the contact, ingestion, inhalation, or injection of acids, alkalis, or vesicants. Electrical burns usually occur after contact with faulty electrical wiring or high voltage power lines or when electric cords are chewed (by young children). Friction or abrasion burns happen when the skin is rubbed harshly against a coarse surface. Sunburn, of course, follows excessive exposure to sunlight.
First aid home cure to treat burns
To give first aid at home to treat burn, apply cold water (not ice water) or compress immediately. The cold water eases the pain and reduces the amount of skin damage . Apply the cold for at least five minutes. For chemical burns to the mouth or eyes require immediate medical evaluation after thorough flushing with water. Electrical burns often result from small children playing with electrical outlets. If an electrical burn occurs, immediately disconnect the power source and pull the victim away from the source using a dry, non-metallic object such as a broom, rope, chair, or cushion. Don't use your bare hands. Here are some first aid home remedies to treat burn.
The depth of damage to the skin and tissue and the size of the burn are importance factors in burn assessment
Depth of skin and tissue damage
A traditional method gauges burn depth by degrees, although most burns are a combination of different degrees and thickness.
The size is usually expressed as the percentage of body surface area (BSA) covered by the burn. The Rule of Nines chart most commonly provides this estimate, although the Lund-Browder chart is more accurate because it allows for BSA changes with age. A correlation of the burn's depth and size permits an estimate of its severity.
Prevention tips for burn
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