Arthritis Diet Do’s And Don’ts

Arthritis is a serious health matter that is a debilitating burden for millions of people around the world. About 1 in every 5 American adults have doctor-diagnosed arthritis, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This disease covers over 100 related conditions that affect the joints and other organs, causing pain, swelling and inflammation.

Arthritis can affect anyone at any time, regardless of age, physical condition or ethnic background. There is no actual diet or miracle food that can cure arthritis; however, there are certain foods and supplements that have been found to be effective in reducing its symptoms. Here are some of the dietary do’s and don’ts that can help you manage arthritis:

Reduce fat

Limited intake of fat helps in reducing the risk of inflammation as well as maintaining a healthy body weight. Healthy diet should include small amounts of unsaturated fat and even lower amount of trans fats or saturated fats. Research has shown that hydrogenated and saturated fats promote inflammation, which can aggravate arthritis. Healthy fats, particularly monounsaturated fats, have been linked to reducing inflammation.

Saturated fats are mostly found in animal products such as red meat, organ meats, cheese, sour cream and whole milk. Trans fats can be found in some packaged foods such as cookies, pastries and margarine. Try to limit the intake of both of these fats to minimize the symptoms of arthritis. Monounsaturated fats, which are also known as “good fat”, can be found in olive oil, nuts and avocados. Consuming reasonable amounts of this fat can help in reducing tenderness of joints, and in some cases, allow an arthritic patient to reduce his arthritic medication because of this food group’s effectiveness in curbing painful symptoms.

Reduce sugar intake

Balancing sugar intake helps in maintaining proper glucose levels in the body. However, too much sugar can cause serious complications, especially to those suffering with arthritis. Sugar is known to increase the body’s acidity level, which elevates the risks of high blood pressure, triggering inflammation. Too much sugar can also weaken the immune system, which can worsen symptoms of fatigue in arthritic patients. If you can’t remove sugar from your diet entirely, try substituting it with alternatives such as agave or honey. You can also replace sugar by using fruits in cereals or desserts.

Reduce phosphorus rich food

Foods that are high in phosphorus can worsen symptoms of arthritis. If consumed excessively, it can lead to loss of calcium in the body,increasing the risk of pain and inflammation. Avoid phosphorus-rich foods like red flesh fish, red meat, processed meat, organ meat — such as kidney and liver — and soft drinks. Red meat also contains omega-6 fatty acids that break down into pro-inflammatory proteins in the body, which can worsen arthritic symptoms.

Limit nightshade vegetable in your diet


Some people who have arthritis tend to experience severe pain and disability if they consume nightshade vegetables. This may be because of a natural substance known as solanine, which inhibits the enzyme cholinesterase, responsible for the flexibility of muscle movement. Vegetables that are considered nightshades include potatoes, peppers, paprika, tomatoes and eggplant.

Increase fiber and reduce refine carbohydrates

Consuming a low-fiber diet can trigger the C-reactive protein that causes systemic inflammation in the body. Refined carbohydrates, such as refined flour, table sugar and white or enriched flour, can aggravate the symptoms of arthritis. Foods with refined carbohydrates include cereals, baked goods, white pasta and white bread. Try to consume as much fiber-enriched foods as possible.  This includes oat bran, beans, brown and unpolished rice, almonds and whole grain lentils.

Eat enough omega-3 rich foods

Omega-3 fatty acids are known for their heart-boosting benefits, and are also found effective in reducing arthritis pain and joint stiffness. Good sources of omega-3 fatty acids include cold-water fish such as salmon, herring and tuna. Other excellent sources include flax seeds, canola oil, walnuts, tofu and fish oil supplements.

Increase fruits and vegetable intake

Fruits and vegetable are high in fiber and other essential nutrients, which can help in balancing the overall nutrition of the body. They also contain antioxidants that can help in reducing the inflammation and improve symptoms of arthritis. Fruits and vegetables can also lower the risk of numerous diseases such as dementia, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer and coronary heart disease.

Drink more water

Water is essential in the lubrication and protection of joints. It helps in minimizing the friction between the cartilage surfaces of the joints. Insufficient water intake can result in swelling and stiffness of the joints, which can aggravate arthritic pain.

David Novak an avid health enthusiast, and frequently is featured in regional and national health publications, discussing health, wellness, diet and fitness. He is also a weekly writer for Healthline.

The Health Benefits Of Chiropractic Care That You Might Not Know About

Most people who have never been to a chiropractor before have only a vague idea of what chiropractic care is really about.

It’s only for back pain, right?

It’s the same as going to a masseuse.

All chiropractors do is “crack” your back.

I’ve heard all those myths before, and I think it’s time to dispel them. Chiropractic care has a number of benefits beyond easing back pain (although that is also a benefit that you shouldn’t overlook). Before delving into those benefits, though, let’s briefly look at what chiropractic care actually entails.

So What Is Chiropractic, Anyway?

Chiropractic is a holistic health care practice that involves manipulating a patient’s spinal cord in order to eliminate lower back pain and to help with other existing issues (which we’ll get to in a second). This practice has existed for centuries, but modern chiropractic began gaining recognition in the United States in the late nineteenth century. Over the course of the twentieth century, doctors who practiced chiropractic gained legal recognition in all fifty states.

Students who wish to become doctors of chiropractic usually first complete an undergraduate degree, then must complete another four to five years at an accredited chiropractic school. During this time, they complete at least 4,200 hours of combined classroom, lab, and clinic work. They learn about how to perform spinal adjustments, but they also learn about human anatomy and physiology in order to gain an understanding of how the body functions as a whole. Upon graduation, doctors must pass a national board exam (and sometimes specific state exams) in order to go into practice.

The overall goal of chiropractic is to provide an alternative to medications and surgery whenever possible. By gaining a thorough understanding of the human body’s biomechanics, chiropractors can make adjustments to improve the health of their patients.

Alright, now let’s get into some of the lesser known benefits of chiropractic care, as promised.

Chiropractic care

The Many Health Benefits of Chiropractic Care

Psychological Benefits

Reduced stress. According to a recent survey by the American Psychological Association, 48% of Americans say stress negatively impacts their personal or professional life, and 77% say they regularly experience physical symptoms of stress. It sounds like at least three quarters of the country could benefit from the stress-reducing effects of chiropractic care. The adjustments that a chiropractor performs can help relax your muscles and reduce your blood pressure (which may have been raised due to stress). Chiropractic care also eases shoulder tension, headaches, and neck pain, which makes you feel “looser” and more relaxed in general.

Helps with insomnia. If you’re someone who spends the night tossing and turning and rarely gets good restorative sleep, chiropractic may be able to help you out. By easing both physical pain and the stress that I mentioned above, chiropractic care relieves two of the main reasons why people struggle to get enough sleep.

Pain-Related Benefits

Eases neck, arm, and leg pain. As explained earlier, a chiropractor’s goal is to treat the whole body. Therefore, if your pain extends beyond just your back, they’ll look for the source and treat it. Chiropractic adjustments can help reduce or eliminate pain and soreness in your arms, legs, hands, knees, feet, and neck. These are all common areas for pain, and many people suffering from these types of pain avoid going to a chiropractor because they believe that chiropractic care can’t help them.

Ease arthritis pain. Developing rheumatoid arthritis doesn’t mean you have to say good-bye to the active lifestyle you may have previously enjoyed. In fact, the American Chiropractic Association suggests that regular exercise, stretching, and a healthy diet can reduce the symptoms of arthritis for many patients. In addition to making adjustments, a chiropractor can help you come up with an individualized exercise plan that will work with your arthritis and help you reduce your pain.

Blood Flow Benefits

Improve blood circulation. Poor circulation can lead to all kinds of discomfort and health issues, including dizzy spells, numbness in your arms and legs, water retention, headaches, and skin blemishes. If you’re someone who has been suffering from poor blood circulation, chiropractic care may be able to help. By adjusting your alignment, chiropractors can help improve the flow of blood throughout your body. That means they’re improving circulation and (as mentioned once before) helping to lower your blood pressure.

Preventative Measures

Prevent a pinched nerve. If your spine is out of alignment, you may be at risk for crushing or pinching a nerve. If you’ve never experienced that, it involves very intense, acute pain and is best to avoid. Pinched nerves occur when too much pressure from surrounding tissues, such as bones or cartilage, builds up around a nerve root. Chiropractors can identify if there is too much pressure and will make adjustments accordingly.

Avoid sports injuries. One major myth about chiropractic is that it’s only for people of a certain age. However, chiropractic care can benefit athletes of all ages, whether they’re a high school football player, a seasoned marathon runner, or someone who is adopting a new fitness routine in their middle age. If you exercise on a regular basis, you need to avoid muscle tightness and joint pain, as this can lead to more serious injuries. Stretching can help with that to some extent, but if you’re worried that you may be heading for an injury, it might be time to see a chiropractor. Chiropractors can help unlock stiff joints, which will make you feel less tight and will help improve your range of motion the next time you work out. Many professional athletes already seek out chiropractic care. In fact, there’s been such a demand for athletic chiropractic care that there is even a Professional Football Chiropractic Society.

Pain Associated With Disorders

Reduces pain associated with fibromyalgia. An estimated 5 million Americans are affected by fibromyalgia, a disorder that causes muscle pain, soreness, and acute tender points on the body. In addition to the pain associated with fibromyalgia, this disorder can also cause people to lose sleep, experience intense headaches, experience tingling or numbness in their extremities, and have trouble thinking or remembering things clearly. Chiropractic care targets the fibromyalgia pain that is at the center of their patient’s problems while also helping them increase their cervical and lumbar range of motion.

Reduces pain associated with bursitis. Bursae are tiny, fluid-filled sacs that create a cushion and lubrications between tendons, bones, joints, and muscles. Someone who suffers from bursitis is experiencing inflamed bursae, which can lead to pain when moving, tenderness around the inflamed area, and in severe cases, a loss of movement. There are roughly 160 bursae throughout the human body and any one of them can become inflamed, but the most common areas are larger joints like the knee and elbow. Bursitis can gradually sneak up on a person over time due to the overuse of muscles through repetitive motions, so it’s fairly common with athletes. As with other sports injuries, a chiropractor can treat bursitis through spinal and joint manipulation to reduce pain and restore their patient’s range of motion.

Relieves the pain of sciatica. The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body, reaching all the way from your lower back to your toes. Sciatica occurs when the sciatic nerve is irritated, causing symptoms that can include lower back pain, intense leg and foot pain, numbness, weakness, and a burning sensation. Many people might turn to prescription painkillers to cope with sciatica, but chiropractic care can provide a natural and effective treatment. Sciatica is often caused by a structural issue, such as a misaligned vertebra or a muscle spasm, which a chiropractor will be able to treat through adjustments.

Promote Overall Wellness with Chiropractic Care

When you seek surgery to repair a structural problem like a sports injury, there’s always a risk of complications. Prescription medications for pain also have their own risks, including unpleasant side effects, addiction, and overdosing. Chiropractic care is both a natural and safe method of treatment that can help with many existing problems while preventing future issues.

If you’re still unsure whether your particular problem can be treated with chiropractic care, make an appointment to sit down and talk with a chiropractor in your area. You don’t necessarily have to commit to chiropractic treatment at that time, but by discussing your medical history and lifestyle with your chiropractor, the two of you can work to come up with a holistic treatment plan. A good chiropractor should be able to determine the source of your pain and tell you whether they will be able to effectively treat it. If you’re recovering from an injury or chronic pain, a chiropractor can also recommend exercises to help restore your range of motion.

Some people worry that by committing to one chiropractic treatment, they’ll be stuck going to a chiropractor forever. However, most people find that just a few sessions are enough to significantly reduce their pain and get them back to living a happy and healthy life.

Dr. Bill Davis has more than 15 years of experience in chiropractic. As a chiropractic patient, student, associate doctor, clinic director and now a writer for the chiropractic industry.  Dr. Davis has been published in the Journal of Upper Cervical Chiropractic Research, featured in the National Upper Cervical Chiropractic Association News and is currently writing blog posts and articles for a growing number of chiropractic offices throughout the country. Dr. Davis is a husband and father of 3 and is passionate about all things chiropractic.

5 Tips To Reduce Asthma Attacks At Home

Asthma can be a deadly disease, triggered by the smallest of reasons. People suffering from asthma have to be extra careful to avoid attacks. They can’t function in an environment that is even the least bit polluted. This can stifle their freedom. However, they have a right to feel safe at home. If you can’t stop worrying about asthma attacks at home, then where can you? It’s up to the loved ones to ensure a safe environment for people suffering from asthma. Here are a few tips to help you do that.

Keep Your House Clean

window blinds

Ensuring an allergen free environment starts with keeping a clean house. When it comes to asthma, cleanliness is truly next to godliness. Keep your curtains clean, because that’s where most of the dust mites are found. If you can, avoid curtains altogether, instead opt for window blinds. Vacuum your carpets daily or they’ll release dust clouds every time people walk across them. Hardwood flooring is a better alternative, if you’re thinking about a home improvement project. When it comes to keeping your loved ones safe, it’s worth the cost.

Avoid Aerosol Products


When you have someone suffering from asthma living in the house, you don’t go around spraying air freshener. Have some common sense. Avoid aerosol products altogether or you’ll have to resuscitate the patient every time you spray it. Sometimes even scented candles can be deadly. You never know when a romantic evening can turn into a visit to the doctor. Avoid using scented detergents or cleaning products either. It’ll save you money and keep the patient safe. So it’s a win-win. Consult a doctor to get a detailed list of things you should avoid using in the house.

Beware of Pets


Pets may be cute and cuddly, but they can induce asthma attacks in patients. Put them up for adoption, or your four legged friend might be the reason for your affliction. If you decide to keep them anyway you’ll have to pay special attention to them. First of all they should be kept away from patients. All your cleaning efforts will be futile if your pet keeps spreading dander everywhere. Give your pet a bath every week, so this doesn’t happen. If you have an animal cage, keep it in a separate room. It can be quite unsanitary due to animal droppings.

Maintain a Smoke Free Environment

no smoking

Smoking doesn’t just kill the person with a cigarette in his mouth; it also kills people in the vicinity. If you want to poison your lungs, you’re welcome to do so, but do it outside the house. Asthma patients have enough to worry about without you blowing smoke on their face. However, when it comes to smoke, no one can outmatch a fireplace. Opt for central heating instead of lighting a fire during winter. It’ll also make Santa Claus happy. He won’t have to worry about climbing down your chimney. It’ll keep the air clean for people suffering from asthma.

Install an Air Filtration System

Air filter

Clean air is a necessity for asthmatics to breathe easy, the cleaner the better. In a home environment you don’t really have control over the air you breathe. It can be polluted in so many different ways. If you have a loved one with a serious case of asthma, install a HEPA filtration system in your house. It’s meant to purify the air in medical centers and laboratories, so you can imagine how powerful it is. If you really care about your loved one, you should definitely get it. It’ll keep the air ultra pure, which you can breathe in without a worry.

It’s important to keep the home environment safe for asthmatics. At home they shouldn’t have to worry about exhaust fumes and dust clouds. The tips mentioned here not only benefits asthmatics, but also the average home owner. These days you can’t step outside your house without inhaling polluted air. Prolonged exposure to it can cause respiratory disorders. Until mankind switches to green energy, it is advisable to use these tips to keep your home environment safe. Your lungs should be able to rest at home, after taking a beating throughout the day. They deserve better, because your life depends on them.

The author of this article is Ronald Tipton. He is a part of the team at Airepure, a company that specializes in HEPA filtration systems. Ronald loves playing tennis and often takes part in local amateur tournaments.

Hypnotherapy And How It Alleviates My Anxiety

Hypnotherapy has proved to be effective in many ways. It helps treat various fears, calms down restless and agitated people, enhances memories, blocks pain, and many more. And for some anxiety patients, it is their treatment of choice. It is my treatment of choice.

I have suffered from anxiety for several years. Whatever kind of treatment you can think of, I had probably tried it. Some work. Others do not. It’s true when they say that not every treatment goes well with everyone. But hypnotherapy worked and still works for me.


Back then, my bouts of anxiety attacks were close and regular. There are days that an attack would totally cripple me. It has affected the way I live and the way I deal with people. I have become conscious and aloof. And these feelings do not help with my attempt to control my anxiousness. In fact, when I feel them, it would trigger an attack.

With my fervent desire to heal, I have turn to hypnotherapy. It has helped me in more ways than I thought it would during the initial stages. Here, I list the 5 reasons why it has worked for me.

1. It relaxes my mind. When in a trance state, my mind is no longer in chaos. It is transported to a place of bliss. Worries and problems turn into minute objects that should not be regarded as highly. It makes me think of the more important aspects of my life. It motivates me to face difficulties with confidence and the belief that I can overcome whatever it is that goes my way.

2. It makes me concentrate on a goal. And that is to be rid of the things that cause anxiety. The moment that I worry, the moment that fears are starting to creep in, I refocus my attention. My attention is directed toward my goal. When I do that, it comforts and pacifies me. The impending attack is blocked. Whatever is causing me stress at that moment is nipped because it would not help in achieving my goal.

3. It makes me aware of my surroundings. I am tuned in to everything around me. It makes me selfless. When you are suffering from anxiety, you can’t help but focus on you and your feelings. You forget other people and their feelings too. With hypnosis, I think of them and how much they mean to me. I have learned to reach out again and share my feelings.

4. It makes me discuss things. Anxiety can be caused by pains and hurts that have not resurfaced until recently. Some of these pains and hurts I chose not to discuss because of the memories attached to them. But in treating anxiety, I had to face them no matter how difficult. It is during hypnosis that I have openly discussed these issues. When I did, it was so liberating. The heaviness I felt inside was lifted.

5. It positively changes my behavior. I was a pessimist. I used to look at the bottle as half empty rather than half full. But when I started hypnotherapy, I learned to see the good in situations. It made me think of the fine things rather than the bad. Days have become better. I look forward to tomorrow when I used to despise it before.

I know that hypnosis is not a cure. It relieves the symptoms. And with anxiety, it’s the symptoms that trigger it. When you are relieved of the symptoms, you are relieved from anxiety. And with hypnotherapy, I am getting to the relieved part.

As mentioned, not every form of treatment works for everyone, but there is no harm in trying. Be open to possibilities and keep a positive mind. Trust in your desire to heal and look for the best therapist. Depend on the professional to help you in any way possible.

Learn more techniques in beating anxiety and other mental health issues by visiting calm clinic. You can also find other related topics and treatments for stress and anxiety symptoms.

Can Acupuncture Cure Migraines?


If you suffer from migraines, you will know how miserable they can be. Migraines are a debilitating condition. They can come without warning and last for several days at a time. The pain is unbearable. It feels like there is a vice around your head and any movement provokes intense nausea. Strong painkillers can help, but often they only take the edge off the pain. So if migraines are making you miserable, can acupuncture help?

Common Triggers for Migraines

Triggers for Migraines

There are many things that can trigger a painful attack of migraine. Diet, hormone levels and physical stimuli can all cause a migraine headache to develop. Stress and excitement is a common trigger, as is tiredness and a lack of sleep. Many women also suffer from migraines because of fluctuating levels of estrogen. Dietary triggers include chocolate and caffeine.

What are the Main Symptoms of Migraine Headaches?

Migraine Headaches

The painful headache is the main symptom of a migraine, but some people experience visual disturbances prior to a headache developing. Flashing lights and strange shapes on the periphery of your vision appear and can last up to an hour. It is also common to feel extremely tired in the aftermath of a migraine.

Is there a Cure for Migraines?


There is no cure for migraines, so treatments concentrate on relieving symptoms. Over the counter painkillers can help ease the pain, but they need to be taken very early on or they won’t work. Triptan medications can also be effective for some people. These cause the blood vessels in the brain to narrow, which reverses the dilation process that occurs during a migraine attack. Anti inflammatory medicine is another line of treatment.

How Effective Is Acupuncture for Migraine?

Acupuncture for Migraine

Because medications don’t always work, it can be helpful to try other treatments. Acupuncture has been found to work for some people. Studies have shown that regular acupuncture treatments can help reduce the number of migraine attacks as well as the severity of each attack. You probably won’t notice any immediate effect from acupuncture, but two treatments per week for at least three months will help you decide whether acupuncture is effective for you.

Isn’t It All In The Mind?

Chinese Acupuncture

Studies carried out using traditional Chinese Acupuncture and a placebo group found that patients in both groups reported a positive effect from regular acupuncture sessions. This would suggest that to a certain extent, acupuncture is ‘in the mind’. But those who have tried it and found that it works would disagree. It could be that patients who have tried acupuncture before and had positive results are influenced by their experiences. It is also possible that a positive recommendation from a doctor is also enough to persuade a patient that the treatment will work.

Research suggests that acupuncture is most effective when used in conjunction with other migraine treatments such as painkillers and triptans. It is probably a good idea to try self-help treatments such as diet modifications in the first instance, but if these don’t work, consider trying acupuncture and painkillers in tandem.

The author of this article Annie Russell, works as an intern at CT Acupuncture Center, leading acupuncture specialists in Norwalk, CT. Annie is passionate about fashion and likes to stay up-to-date with the latest trends.

What Value Does A First Aid Course Online Have?

first aid courses

If you do an online search for first aid courses being offered online, you’ll probably run into a few hundred websites that offer you a certification without having to attend a physical course. The fair majority of the websites will claim that people will be able to receive a complete certification after watching a couple of first aid course videos online after which they will have to take a short exam. If they pass the exam with 80% marks the certificate is sent to their doorstep. However, the billion dollar question is if these courses are really worth it? Are they even worth the paper they are printed on?

You need to be there physically

First aid is a physical and practical practice of saving someone’s life using an array of methods. These methods include CPR, artificial resuscitation etc. Also, the courses need to be conducted by a certified instructor who himself will be there to instruct people on particular procedures, and correct them during the class. All of this is not possible if you take a course online. This is why the first aid course online that you’re considering may not be worth it. Even though you may have a certificate that states you attended a class you’ll not know anything when you find yourself in a life and death certification. So, in most cases it’s safe to say that these courses are more scam than anything else.


It should include CPR

Now that we have established that you cannot take a basic or even a refresher course online, the next thing to consider what your offline course should include. It is important to mention at this point that many basic offline first aid training courses do not include important aspects of training like CPR and artificial resuscitation. Those that do often breeze through both of them which leaves students mystified.

The first step to learning CPR or the Basic 1 as some courses refer to it is chest compressions. Learning how to do chest compressions can be slightly tricky for people who have never done it before but takes under an hour to learn and then practice to perfection. Make sure that if you’re a fresher that the course include chest compressions. The Basic 2 of CPR is artificial resuscitation or mouth to mouth resuscitation. Courses that often include both of them in the same class will mostly breeze through which is not suited for newbies.

Check the instructor’s references

If a first aid instructor has been around for a considerable period of time then he or she would have trained a large number of people. You should be aware of instructors who say they have lots of experience but have just two or three references. Make sure that you follow up on the reverences. In addition, go online and search using the instructor’s name to find out what people are saying about him or her online. This should give you a fairly good idea of what you can expect from him.

If you are searching for a first-aid course training instructor online make sure to ask for both online and offline references in your city. This will save you from getting conned by people who are not even first aid experts to begin with but use the internet to take advantage of unsuspecting people.

Attend a sample class

One last step before you decide to enroll a first-aid training course you may have seen online is to attend a sample class. You can also get permission to watch a class which is in session to get a feel for how attentive, helping and knowledgeable the instructor is. If the instructor answers all the questions that students have, and help correct mistakes on the fly then it’s safe to say that the instructor is good enough. However, in some cases if the first aid course is not being offered by a large government hospital you may have to negotiate the rate. This is especially the case if you’re hiring the instructor to pay your company a visit and teach all the employees there the basics of first aid, they will usually charge you by the hour.

Mark is a certified first aid training instructor with over two decades of experience. He has taught hundreds of regular people and even military personnel first aid. This is why he is often referred to as the ‘go to’ guy for everything first aid related.

First Aid Principles Everyone Should Know About

First aid can be described as the initial care given to a casualty before accessing professional medical help. The casualty may be a person who is acutely injured or critically ill. Since these conditions can befall anyone of us or our colleagues not to mention our family members, it is vital that everybody knows the basic principles and rules that govern first aid. The following points will outline the common conditions and the general practices to be observed in case of an emergency.

Make the area safe

In any emergency situation it is critical to ensure that the area is safe as the first aider. This is the first step as it ensures that the risk of increasing the number of casualties is minimized. In most cases you will be required to remove the danger from the casualty or even removing the casualty from the danger. In case it is a collapsing building it is vital to ensure that the building is very safe before attempting to enter. Always remember to remain calm no matter the situation as this will enable you to handle all the situations effectively. Remember that every time the first aider panics, the casualty panics twice or thrice.

Action on emergency

After making a thorough assessment of the area and making it safe it is now time to apply emergency techniques. Remember the principle, first, do no harm as it will guide your actions. In emergency situations one is always tempted to try out everything they have ever heard of, however, this is very wrong as it may expose the casualty to even more danger for example trying to remove an embedded fishing hook may cause more harm than you can ever think of. Only apply life saving skills that you are confident of, if you are doubtful of the treatment do not apply it. Always assure the casualty and call for help. If you are alone, you can leave the casualty to call for help otherwise always remain with the casualty and record all the vital.

Perform CPR

In case the casualty is unresponsive it is vital to start CPR as it can be life sustaining. The correct way of applying CPR is by having 100 compressions per minute separated by two rescue breaths. This ensures that the casualties’ vital organs are well oxygenated.

Always be timely

As the first aider, always act immediately you notice the symptoms of a condition as this dictates the level of success you will achieve. For conditions like heart attack and stroke, it is vital to act the very moment you realize the symptoms without writing anything off.

Control shock

Every time the casualty losses body fluids and blood in large amounts, there is a possibility of a condition known as shock. You can easily treat shock by controlling bleeding and elevating the injured part.

Treat unresponsive casualties first

In case the emergency involves a number of casualties, always assess all of them for the life threatening conditions. It is a rule that you should always start your treatment with the unresponsive casualties first and record their conditions. Always ensure the casualty is breathing by opening the airway, check the pulse rate and record it as well as the pain and voice response.

Do not attempt acting in life threatening situations

For conditions where there is real danger facing the casualty and you are not a professional, it is always advisable to call for help. For example, never try to rescue a drowning person by swing towards them if you do not have adequate swimming skills. For more complicated health conditions always wait for qualified medics.

It is vital to attend a first aid training course so as to get the relevant skills on the emergency conditions and treatments.

Michelle is a passionate blogger and works alongside a provider of first aid traning courses.

The Skin You’re In And Wound Repair

You may not think about it when you reach for your handy dandy first aid kit, but bandages have come a long way throughout the years. As medicine evolves, so does our understanding of how to bind and cover wounds. From paper cuts, nicks and scratches, to deep cuts and lacerations, there are many different ways in which wounds have been covered, closed, stitched and patched. So much so that many common household items first saw use in the medical field.


Healing Through History

While band-aids are one of the most common ways to cover a wound today, they aren’t the only means. Some methods of injury binding have been around since the early days of human history and are still used today, albeit quite a bit more sterile.

Bananas Really are the Perfect Food?

It’s hard to argue with a food that is not only good for you but also comes with it’s own natural wrapper, couple that with the fact that banana leaves can be used for bandages and it really is a perfect food. Leaves and animal hides have been used for bandages since humans have discovered that bleeding isn’t a good thing. Banana leaves, once sterilized have been shown to be just as effective as other bandages, with the added advantage of being accessible and considerably less expensive than synthetic bindings. Other leafy vegetable can also be used for this process such as cabbage leaves, wild yarrow and rose petals are all effective for fending off an infection.

Gauze, It’s not just for Mummies 4,000 BC


Gauze is one of the most common forms of bandage and dressing and still sees heavy use. Many testify that gauze was Arabic in origin, originating from the particular region of Gaza, where silk gauze was woven into fabric for clothing, due it being lightweight and breathable in nature. As well as these qualities another advantage to gauze is the loose weave that not only provides support but also keeps from adhering to the wound. Because of the gaps within the weave, gauze can be packed with ointments which further promote healing while keeping the dressing from sticking to the wound.

A Stitch in Time 3,000 BC


Sutures or stitches are another fantastic means of binding wounds. Much like mending your favorite shirt, sutures are used to sew skin back together, and holding it tightly so that healing can occur. Sutures have been made from a wide array of materials including fiber versions such as hemp, flax, cotton. Other sutures have been made from animal hair, intestines, arteries, nerves, muscle strips and every other bit imaginable. Some African tribes use ant mandibles, by coaxing the ants to bite the wound and then twisting their bodies off so the mandibles stay locked onto the skin. Just be glad that synthetic fibers were made in the 1930’s.

It was between the 1930’s and 50’s that synthetic materials start to become involved with wound care. Many ancient methods such as gauze wraps and sutures are still used but some other up and coming stars in the bandage world begin to take the stage.

Anatomy of a Band-aid 1920

When most people think of a bandage the first thing to come to mind is a band-aid. This is typically a cloth or plastic strip that has a small gauze pad attached. A bandage, as we know it today, is what is directly applied to a wound. However, a bandage is actually what holds the dressing, which is the part applied to the wounded area. In the case of a band-aid, the pad is the dressing and the adhesive strip is the bandage itself. The first band-aids made in 1920 were made by hand, and were 3 inches wide and 18 inches long. These band-aids weren’t a huge hit but began to pick up in popularity during WWII.

Duck, Duct, DUCT…. Tape 1942

Duct tape has had a long and illustrious history and has been a widely relied on go to for fixing just about everything. One of the greatest myths about duct tape was that it was created as a bandage during WWII. While it was actually used to seal ammo cases, duct tape does serve as fantastic makeshift bandage due to the fact that it’s super adhesive, water resistant and can be torn by hand. While it might not be a perfect solution, duct tape works great in a pinch until a proper bandage or medical treatment can be administered.

Stuck Like Krazy 1966

Another product in the same vein as duct tape is Super Glue. It was thought that super glue was originally created for the purpose of binding skin together. While cyanoacrylates were first created as a super clear plastic, they later became repurposed as an ultra adhesive. While the FDA balked at the idea of using it for medical purposes due to skin irritation, super glue saw some use during the Vietnam war as a means to stop bleeding until the patient could be escorted back to the medic tent. Since then, the cyanoacrylate formula has been altered for medical purposes giving rise to products like liquid bandage and New Skin.

As medical science advances, so does our means of treating wounds and injuries. With technology where it is now, not only can skin be grafted onto a wounded area, but it can also be cloned and grown. This means that severe burn victims can receive treatments to regrow the damaged skin, helping them get back to normal. As time progresses further, so to will our means of healing wounds and taking care of the skin we’re in.

William Toth is a freelance writer from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, who has been published across the web for a multitude of topics, some of which include: historical trends, cultural trends, and medical trends.  Pioneering companies like Kensey Nash specialize in regenerative medicine and biomaterials. 

The Need For Home Medical Supplies

So you love your family? Right, let’s see. If you who want everyone in your family to be healthy and shining, then probably you might know the importance of medical supplies for home. But still, for many homemakers, the world of medical supplies is a big mystery. Sometimes it can be challenging enough to provide the right medical care to the sick at home and it may even get frustrating when you don’t know what right remedies to apply. The best option to learn about the essential medical supplies to be used at home.

The urge to care for others, is what compels us to buy home medical supplies. But the success lies when you get the right supplies, as many home makers can bring faulty medical equipments. First of all you need to decide the type of medical supplies and equipments you need; whether if you have a sick kid or an elder, or someone middle aged. You can also alternatively hire or buy original equipments and also take an advice from a physician.The Need For Home Medical Supplies

If you intend to buy home medical supplies online, then go for a supplier who has a good reputation of supplying medical equipments for over many years. Many times, operating a walker or a wheelchair is easier but operating some specific device can become a tedious job, so you may want a professional to help out. A good supplier will always help you in such situations, either they will send an instructor along with the equipment, who will also install it while demonstrating or they will send a user manual.

The right suppliers will also ensure that the devices are set up correctly once delivered. They will also ensure that the home environment is suitable for use. The suppliers are supposed to give proper training about the usage and maintenance of the device along with regular services. This gives you a certain responsibility of handling the equipment and reminds the suppliers of their duties as well.

You can also check out your health insurance cover in order to buy these equipments as some of it can be really expensive. The medical and health benefits insurance will cover the costs of these equipments. Instead of using an individual policy, go for the policy which covers the health benefits of the entire family.

There are also some local distribution centers, recognized by a reputed medical association, selling medical supplies for home use. They will have an array of equipments which can be used along with the comfort of your home. Some of the most commonly used medical devices and equipments at home are standard walkers, bedside commodes, wheelchairs, electric beds, portable oxygen cylinders, motorized and customized wheelchairs, air filled/water filled mattresses, wheelchair cushions, CPAP and BIPAP equipments like pillows, clinical respiratory artificial support, Glucometers, lifts and transfer chairs, blood sugar checking equipments, pediatric and adult nebulizers, obesity and other specialty beds, PER (personal emergency response) systems and even simple medical tool containing bandages, antiseptic  creams and ointments.

Relapse – The Biggest Threat of Quitting the Smoking Addiction

Addictions are major psychological, physical and social problems that specialists in all fields of expertise try to manage and solve, helping the victims of alcohol abuse, drugs, smoking, gambling to get another chance and a better quality of life. A smoking addiction implies not only substance addiction but also a behavioral one. Programs have been created, specialists trained, results were obtained and many people are smoke-free and leaving a happy life.

Still, the risk of relapse is a heavy burden on the shoulders of the ones who tried to get out of the self-destructive path. While talking the circle of addiction, some observations have to stand out, as they are necessary in order to understand better the kind the exposure former smokers face every day.

Specialists from The Smoking Cessation Health Center offer two working concepts: the slip and the relapse


The Slip

A slip is when a smoker who has quit smokes one or two cigarettes”, WebMD specialists explain. This is not so terrible, health experts say, as the individual can pass this moment of weakness and continue his non-smoking program and life

Suggestions for avoiding the slip in the future

  • Find nicotine replacements: patches, gum, medicines, electronic – cigarettes. They don’t act like infallible methods of quitting smoking, but they will be a friend in need along with the more complex program, treatment, coaching and other aids. As BLU for instance describes its products, they look and feel like real cigarettes but they are not tobacco cigarettes. So if you slipped just because you were in a social, emotional, physical context that triggered in your head the need to light a cigarette or just keep your fingers busy, this may be one solution among others.
  • Talk to somebody about the slip. Others found themselves in the same situation. Exchanging experience, talking tips and tricks, having somebody there for you is a lot way better than dealing with this all alone.
  • Don’t feel bad about yourself and don’t feel guilty. Also, don’t think that if you slipped once, you’ll do it over and over, so you’d better start smoking again. Keep being a person who is in course of feeling better. A slip is not the worse that could happen.

The Relapse

The same WebMD resources state that “A relapse is when a smoker who has quit returns to regular smoking”. This is however something one should be concerned with and prevent this from happening

Suggestions for avoiding to relapse in the future

  • Consider carefully if you relapsed because of nicotine withdrawal or you just missed the entire behavioral complex that represents smoking. If it was the nicotine, add some side treatments with the help of your doctor. If it was the behavior, it’s impossible to avoid it forever, but learn what to expect and what you should do. There are coaching programs designed exactly for this type of problem.
  • Don’t just try to quit smoking, but make some changes in your lifestyle as well. They are all connected: diet, sports, sleeping habits, working schedule, free time spending
  • Plan ahead: one relapse might discourage you to continue with your goal, but knowing what you know, make predictions about your future and learn to recognize and ignore the triggers. It takes lots of effort but the results may be very satisfactory.